THE INHABITANTS OF THE AMAZON FOREST
The amazon forest also known as the Green lungs of the world,is found in the southern part of the American continent.It is arguable the biggest rain forest in the world as it spreads across at least five countries.It is a home to a million plants and animals species.Due to the thickness of the canopy (the top branches and leaves of the trees), the Amazon floor is in permanent darkness. In fact, it’s so thick that when it rains, it takes around ten minutes for the water to reach the ground! The amazon is one the worlds major source of water boasting of very big rivers and lakes.Its landscape and beauty make it bone of the worlds main tourist attractions.
The red Indians who are the inhabitants of the amazon who are in so many ethnic groups mostly feed on fish from the rivers and lakes, they rear cattle and also cultivate various crops.Apart from that they also practice hunting which declines the number of animal species.
Among the cutest animals in the Amazon Rain forest, giant otters can grow up to 1.7 meters long and can be found in the waterways that run through the jungle. They live in families consisting of two monogamous parents and often two or three offspring. Dependent on both the land and the water for survival, the giant otters are rapidly dying off as a result of deforestation and water contamination.
The Uakari Monkey
The most noticeable feature of the Uakari monkey is its unusual, bright red face. The monkeys derive their name from the Uakari tribe that once lived in the Amazon but is now extinct. This creature can often be found lounging in the trees, feasting on fruits hanging from branches. Unfortunately, extensive deforestation has destroyed much of their natural habitat and put the monkey on the endangered list.
White-Cheeked Spider Monkey
Another cheeky tree-dweller has seen its number dwindle due to the expansion of farmland in the Amazon and the building of new roads through the region. The white-cheeked spider monkey may not be swinging through the trees for much longer if conservation efforts are not ramped up.
The South American Tapir
This adorable creature is one of the three big animals visitors hope to see in the jungle, along with jaguars and the giant otter. The hoofed mammals are surprisingly nimble given their bulky appearance and they feed on clay licks found in the jungle. Tapirs have come under threat as a result of illegal hunting and due to their habitat being destroyed by human activity.
So far we have looked at land animals, but we must not forget our winged friends that soar up above. The hyacinth macaw is an astonishingly beautiful bird, with feathers in rich blues and green. The main threat to the survival of this magnificent bird is the illegal pet trade. Unfortunately, there is a market for these birds due to their splendour and this is reducing the numbers found in the wild.
Causes of deforestation in the amazon forest
Deforestation is the clearing, destroying, or otherwise removal of trees through deliberate, natural or accidental means. It can occur in any area densely populated by trees and other plant life, but the majority of it is currently happening in the Amazon rain forest.Deforestation occurs for a number of reasons, including; logging. It has been happening for thousands of years, arguably since man began converting from hunter/gatherer to agricultural based societies, and required larger, unobstructed tracks of land to accommodate cattle, crops, and housing. It was only after the onset of the modern era that it became an epidemic.
(i) Loss of Habitat
One of the most dangerous and unsettling effects of deforestation is the loss of animal and plant species due to their loss of habitat; not only do we lose those known to us, but also those unknown, potentially an even greater loss.The trees of the rain forest that provide shelter for some species also provide the canopy that regulates the temperature, a necessity for many others. Its removal through deforestation would allow a more drastic temperature variation from day to night, much like a desert, which could prove fatal for current inhabitants.
(ii) Increased Greenhouse Gases
In addition to the loss of habitat, the lack of trees also allows a greater amount of greenhouse gases to be released into the atmosphere. Presently, the tropical rain forests of South America are responsible for Earth’s oxygen and they are disappearing. If these rates are not stopped and reversed, the consequences will become even more severe.
(iii) Water in the Atmosphere
The trees also help control the level of water in the atmosphere by helping to regulate the water cycle. With fewer trees left, due to deforestation, there is less water in the air to be returned to the soil. In turn, this causes dryer soil and the inability to grow crops, an ironic twist when considered against the fact that deforestation comes from small-scale agriculture and cattle ranching.
> The loss of trees and other vegetation can cause climate change, desertification, soil erosion, fewer crops, flooding, increased greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, and a host of problems for indigenous animals.
Deforestation is the clearing, destroying, or otherwise removal of trees through deliberate, natural or accidental means. It can occur in any area densely populated by trees and other plant life, but the majority of it is currently happening in the Amazon rain forest.The loss of trees and other vegetation can cause climate change, desertification, soil erosion, fewer crops, flooding, increased greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, and a host of problems for indigenous people.
Deforestation of the Amazon rain forest can be attributed to many different factors at local, national, and international levels. The rain forest is seen as a resource for cattle pasture, valuable hardwoods, housing space, farming space (especially for soybeans), road works (such as highways and smaller roads), medicines and human gain. Trees are usually cut down illegally.
We should all know that the earth is not not like us.She has neither sisters nor brothers she is an only child.If we destroy her, what then will be left? where will we live? who will feed us furthermore where will our precious animal species live,they will all go extinct.So lets conserve what we have,the nature have given it all free without any fee,lets not take away forests from the nature for if we do that, the nature will be so unforgiving to us.We shall face famine,drought,a very harsh environment with no conducive fresh oxygen to breath in.