Hi ladies and gentlemen, i hereby come with a lot of apologies of being quiet for quite sometime but according to my findings and research this what i have compiled and came up with.
ELEPHANTS AND MAMMOTHS
Elephants are large mammals,the current known elephant species are;
(i) African bush elephant
(i) African forest elephant
(ii) Asian elephant
All elephants have several distinctive features, the most notable of which is a long trunk, used for many purposes, particularly breathing, lifting water, and grasping objects. Their incisors grow into tusks, which can serve as weapons and as tools for moving objects and digging. Elephants' large ear flaps help to control their body temperature. Their pillar-like legs can carry their great weight. African elephants have larger ears and concave backs while Asian elephants have smaller ears and convex or level backs.
Elephants are herbivorous and can be found in different habitats including savannas, forests, deserts, and marshes. They prefer to stay near water. They are considered to be a keystone species due to their impact on their environments. Other animals tend to keep their distance from elephants while predators, such as lions, tigers, hyenas, and any wild dogs, usually target only young elephants (or "calves"). Elephants have a fission-fusion society in which multiple family groups come together to socialise. Females tend to live in family groups, which can consist of one female with her calves or several related females with offspring. The groups are led by an individual known as the matriarch, often the oldest.
After puberty male elephants may separate from their family groups and live with other males.
A mammoth is any species of the extinct Mammuthus, one of the many genera that make up the order of trunked mammals.Mammoth were commonly equipped with long, curved tusks and, in northern species, a covering of long hair.
The Differences Between Mammoths & Elephants
Mammoths and elephants are two groups of long-trunked, big-tusked and typically enormous herbivores that both enjoy a long and storied relationship with human beings.
> Aside from the obvious fact that mammoths are extinct, a number of physical, ecological and geographic differences distinguish these behemoths. Some people erroneously assume that elephants descended from mammoths, but they’re actually close cousins that share a common ancestor.
1. Physical Differences
The ears of elephants are much larger than those of Asian elephants and of mammoths. The exceptionally small ears of woolly mammoths better protected them from cold temperatures. African elephants and mammoths have two finger-like extensions at the tip though of different shapes while the Asian elephant has just one.
2.Tusks and Teeth
Mammoth tusks were typically longer in proportion to body size and more dramatically twisted and curved than elephant tusks.
In mammoths and African elephants, both sexes carry tusks. Among Asian elephants, only the bulls typically grow them. The massive, flat-topped molars of mammoths, apparently adapted for a grass-dominated diet, resemble those of Asian elephants: studded teeth with parallel enamel ridges. In comparison, the African elephant has fewer and diamond-shaped tooth ridges.
3.Big and Small
Mammoths and modern elephants overlap significantly in body mass.The biggest African bush elephants may stand roughly as tall as did the titanic Columbia mammoth of North America, some 13 feet at the shoulder, but the largest mammoths probably generally outweighed elephants because of thicker leg bones, but there are prehistoric examples of “insular dwarfism” in both elephants and mammoths.
4.Mammoth vs. Elephant Geography
As a genus, mammoths ranged further across the globe than their elephant relatives. While the latter have always been restricted to Africa and Eurasia, mammoths penetrated the New World via the Bering land bridge linking modern-day Siberia and Alaska during Pleistocene glacial periods, as early as 1.7 million years ago.
About the Wooly Mammoth
During the ice ages, large areas of northern Eurasia and North America were covered in ice sheets. Woolly mammoths lived on the flat tundra and grasslands south of the ice sheets. These areas are believed to have been covered in grass and mosses as well as shrubs. Mammoths are believed to have had to consume up to 700 pounds of vegetation a day to survive.
Their extinction is believed to have been caused by a combination of the disappearance of its habitat at the end of the last ice age and human hunting.