WILDLIFE DISEASES

                    Wildlife,domestic animals and humans share a large and increasing number of , known as zoonoses. The continued globalization of society, human population growth, and associated landscape changes further enhances the interface between wildlife, domestic animals, and humans, thereby facilitating additional  infectious diseases emergence. The wildlife component of this triad has received inadequate focus in the past to effectively protect human health as evidenced by such contemporary diseases such as;

  • Sars ,

  •  lyme disease,

  • West Nile Fever, and a host of other emerging diseases.                         

                                   Further, habitat loss and other factors associated with human-induced landscape changes have reduced past ability for many wildlife populations to overcome losses due to various causes. This disease emergence and resurgence have reached unprecedented importance for the sustainability of desired population levels for many wildlife populations and for the long-term survival of some species.

      1.What is Lyme disease?

        Lyme disease is an infectious disease caused by the bacteria which is transmitted to humans by a bite from an infected black-legged or deer tick. The tick becomes infected after feeding on infected deer or mice. The tick has to be present on the skin for at least  24 to 48 hours to transmit the infection. Most people with Lyme disease have no memory of a tick bite.People who are likely to get infected by this disease are mostly those who live in wooded areas and those who  spend time there. People with domesticated animals that are let out in wooded areas also have a higher risk of contracting Lyme disease.

      Symptoms of Lyme disease

  It occurs in three stages:

   (a) early localized,, and 

   (b) early disseminated

   (c) late disseminated

      How to prevent Lyme disease 

   Ticks are mostly active during warmer months;

  • Treat clothing and gear with products containing  permethrin. Permethrin can be used to treat boots, clothing and camping gear and remain protective through several washings. Alternatively, you can buy treated clothing and gear.
  • Wear long pants and long sleeve shirts when in the outdoors.
  • Make your yard unfriendly to ticks by clearing wooded areas, keeping underbrush to a minimum, and putting woodpiles in areas with lots of sun.
  •  Be vigilant. Check your children, pets, and yourself for ticks. Don’t assume you can’t be infected again; people can get Lyme disease more than once.

 

Treatment

        People treated with appropriate antibiotics in the early stages of Lyme disease usually recover rapidly and completely. Antibiotics commonly used for oral treatment include doxycycline, amoxicillin, or cefuroxime axetil. People with certain neurological or cardiac forms of illness may require intravenous treatment with antibiotics such as ceftriaxone or penicillin.

 

Image result for infected deer lymeImage result for lyme in human

 

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Hey Benito, 

Such a great round of research! It was very visually appealing, and the graphics as well as the structural organization of the post were very helpful for the retention of knowledge on the subject of Lyme disease I find zoonotic diseases extremely interesting and you picked a very common, very pertinent one to explain which really helped to give context to zoonosis. To continue on the topic of Lyme disease, I would suggest also talking diagnosis and treatment to accompany the preventative methods you touched upon. This way, people will be aware of the effects that it has and what needs to be done in order to cure it/manage it, and therefore will be more likely to follow the prevention steps. And, you can explain what is needed to diagnose or what people should look out for with them or their animals so that they can diagnose themselves or their pets as fast as possible and shorten recovery. 

Also, I think it would be really cool if you could research 4 different types of zoonotic diseases, one from each category of pathogens. For example, one from bacterial diseases, one from viral, fungal, and parasitic. This could give a more rounded amount of information, and later on you could analyze the symptoms/effects of each and compare/contrast them with one another. Just a suggestion, I think it would be very interesting to see this. Otherwise, great work on your research!

Wow! This was a super informative post! I liked how easy it was to read and how you made titles and important information bigger and bolder than the rest in order to make it easy to follow.

I had heard of Lyme disease but I never knew what it actually was, so I'm glad I got the chance to learn more. I was wondering if Lyme disease is treatable, and what do you have to do to treat it? I looked it up, and I found the answer on this website:  https://www.cdc.gov/lyme/treatment/index.html 

I really enjoyed reading your research and I look forward to reading more!

Good luck on future research

 

Hi Benito!

Great round of research.  I always think that images helps considerably to get your topic and message across in posts and they definitely helped.  I liked the organization of the post as well!

Overall the current state of things for animals is just sad.   with climate change, and humans doing nothing to prevent it, it has such a big impact on them.  As well as the continuous loss of habitat.  

To continue with your topic of zoonotic diseases, something to think about  the increase of of them and the reasons behind it:

https://www.americanveterinari...g-zoonotic-pathogens

as well as possibly looking into how climate change has effected it.  Climate change is something i am very passionate about and every day i learn a new way it effects more and more things negatively. I think it's really scary and might be worth looking into to see if it's something you might want to look into more in depth.

http://www.veterinaryworld.org...notic%20diseases.pdf

https://www.usatoday.com/story...nge-disease/2623863/

good luck in your next rounds i look forward to reading them!

Hey Benito,

What a great round of research! The format and organization was great and made it really easy to understand, and it was very informative. I'm wondering what your thoughts are on whether it's possible to mitigate the human-wildlife conflict instead of finding ways to treat the diseases. Not only is there a detrimental impact on our society, it's the wildlife that receives the worst of it as they face habitat loss. 

Here's a link that may help contextualize:

http://www.bccdc.ca/health-inf...es/zoonotic-diseases

Cool research on wildlife diseases,I have got to understand more on the concept and I discovered that however, some animals can carry harmful germs that can be shared with people and cause illness,some diseases can be transmitted to human beings, for instance by consuming contaminated foodstuffs or through contact with infected animals. The severity of these diseases in humans varies from mild symptoms to life-threatening conditions.

It was fantastic to understand so as to know the preventive measures to take.

Great post!

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