General Information About Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer
1.Non-small cell lung cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the lung.
2.There are several types of non-small cell lung cancer.
3.Smoking is the major risk factor for non-small cell lung cancer.
4.Signs of non-small cell lung cancer include a cough that doesn't go away and shortness of breath.
5.Tests that examine the lungs are used to detect (find), diagnose, and stage non-small cell lung cancer.
6.Certain factors affect prognosis (chance of recovery) and treatment options.
7.For most patients with non-small cell lung cancer, current treatments do not cure the cancer.
Tests that examine the lungs are used to detect, diagnose, and stage non-small cell lung cancer.
Tests and procedures to detect, diagnose, and stage non-small cell lung cancer are often done at the same time. Some of the following tests and procedures may be used:
1.physical exam and history;An exam of the body to check general signs of health, including checking for signs of disease, such as lumps or anything else that seems unusual. A history of the patient’s health habits, including smoking, and past jobs, illnesses, and treatments will also be taken.
2.Laboratory tests;Medical procedures that test samples of tissue, blood, urine, or other substances in the body. These tests help to diagnose disease, plan and check treatment, or monitor the disease over time.
3.Chest x-ray;An x-ray of the organs and bones inside the chest. An x-ray is a type of energy beam that can go through the body and onto film, making a picture of areas inside the body.
4.CT scan;A procedure that makes a series of detailed pictures of areas inside the body, such as the chest, taken from different angles. The pictures are made by a computer linked to an x-ray machine. A dye may be injected into a vein or swallowed to help the organs or tissues show up more clearly. This procedure is also called computed tomography, computerized tomography, or computerized axial tomography.
5.sputum cytology;A procedure in which a pathologist views a sample of sputum (mucus coughed up from the lungs) under a microscope, to check for cancer cells.
6,Bronchospy;A procedure to look inside the trachea and large airways in the lung for abnormal areas. A bronchospe is inserted through the nose or mouth into the trachea and lungs. A bronchoscope is a thin, tube-like instrument with a light and a lens for viewing. It may also have a tool to remove tissue samples, which are checked under a microscope for signs of cancer.
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