Round #3 Research Cycle 2 - How does a broken heart impact our brain?

Hey guys! 
Hope everyone had a great spring break. I'm really glad to be back and active on here! If you have forgotten or need a quick reminder of my inquiry's topic question, it is: 

                             "What is the science behind heartbreak?"

In my two previous rounds, I discovered and discussed on what heartbreak primarily is, why it happens to all of us and how it affects our body physically. In this round, I will be going over the following points: 

  • Emotional Pain vs Physical Pain --> How is heartbreak related to physical pain? What is the significance behind it? 
  • How are intrusive thoughts related? What are they? 
  • The symptoms of withdrawal, how can the feeling of heartbreak be related to drug withdrawal? 

Let's get started!

Emotional Pain vs Physical Pain
How is heartbreak related to physical pain? What is the significance behind it? 

(1) Studies show that the average human brain registers the emotional pain of heartbreak (discussed in previous rounds) in the same way as physical pain. This explains why someone could feel unbearable amounts of pain after they have felt various symptoms associated with "heartbreak" such as betrayal or feeling miserable. 

Image result for brain in love

Because of the hormones our brain releases when becoming attached to someone or something, the term love is often referred as addictive. We crave the natural positive hormones this sensation induces, such as joy or feelings of ecstatic relief. In particular, hormones such as dopamine and oxytocin make us want to repeat behaviors, and are released at elevated levels of relationships. 

When the event of heartbreak takes place, these hormones levels drop and are replaced with the stress hormone cortisol. (2) Cortisol works with certain parts of your brain to control your mood, motivation, and fear. Think of it as nature's built-in system! 

Image result for cortisol

(1) However, too much cortisol over a period of time can contribute to anxiety, nausea, acne and weight gain. 

Examples of physical effects caused by heartbreak

(3) Examples of physical effects and symptoms caused by this hormonal drop include chest pain. This is a common physical response to intense stress or emotions . Another effect can be weight fluctuation, depending on how individuals cope with eating habits in a stressful period of time. Some may eat to calm themselves down, while others find food indigestible and form digestive issues. Other examples include problems falling asleep, stomach pains and weakness. Again, all of these physical symptoms are connected to how our brain mentally copes with these unwell feelings. 

How are intrusive thoughts related? What are they?  

(4) Intrusive thoughts can be defined as unwanted thoughts or images that one finds distressing and/ or disturbing. Intrusive thoughts can also result in compulsions, which are actions one takes to help cope with a thought. But, how are they related to heartbreak? 

Image result for intrusive thoughts

(5) When our brain is going through the mental hurting of heartbreak, our brain will generate thoughts of the loved individual or object, that invade our thoughts without warning. Examples may be a mental image of the person, a memory, a snippet of conversation, or some other form of reminder. Each time we have an intrusive thoughts, it metaphorically "opens our wound", which reactivates our emotional and physical pain. It also triggers our withdrawal symptoms. 

Scientifically proven, intrusive thoughts can invade our mental thinking dozens of times in an hour. How it is a form of pushing us back from coping and healing, it is clear why so many people struggle to recover. 

How can the feeling of heartbreak be related to drug withdrawal? 

(5) As I mentioned previously, intrusive thoughts can open connections of withdrawal symptoms. Fmri (functional magnetic resonance imaging) studies have found that heartbreak activates the same mechanisms in the brain that get activated when addicts are withdrawing from drug substances, such as cocaine. Because of this, these powerful withdrawal symptoms from the loss of love will impact our ability to think, focus and function. (6) Just like drugs of abuse, any form of love begins with euphoria and ends with craving. 

Image result for brain in love vs brain on drugs

In the photo above, a brain in love and brain affected by drugs are compared.

And that's all for this round of research! In my next and final round, I will be researching about the science behind the healing of heartbreak. I will be going in depth of what a broken heart teaches you mentally and emotionally. I will also explain if we risk hurt to love and it's concept. Finally, I will be discussing how heartbreak motivate one to pursue happiness in the future.

Lists of sources used in numerical order: 

1 - https://www.health.qld.gov.au/news-alerts/news/science-behind-a-broken-heart \ 
2 - https://www.webmd.com/a-to-z-g...s/what-is-cortisol#1
3 -  https://askdrnandi.com/heartbreak-affects-your-body/ 
4 - https://moodsmith.com/intrusive-thoughts/ 
5 - https://www.psychologytoday.co...k-impacts-your-brain 
6 - https://www.thecut.com/2017/02...ped-feel-so-bad.html

Sources of photos used: 

https://www.quickanddirtytips....e-your-brain-on-love 
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cortisol 
https://adaa.org/learn-from-us...d-intrusive-thoughts 
https://www.researchgate.net/f...ove-A_fig2_308495440

If you have any suggestions or ideas, please feel free to comment! Comments are always welcome 

See you guys in my next post!

Venus

Original Post

Hey Venus,

I loved the research this week! As our topics are pretty closely related, I found it interesting to read that you came to some of the same conclusions as I have (namely, that love can be addictive). If I had any complaint, it was a little hard to read the diagram that you attached. It looked very informative from what I could see, though. I found it really interesting that love withdrawal or heartbreak can display some of the same symptoms that drug withdrawal do--wow!

Here are a couple of sources you may be able to use next week:
https://www.scientificamerican...romantic-heartbreak/
https://www.lifehack.org/artic...cience-behind-2.html
https://www.elitedaily.com/lif...ated-creative/935857

Good luck next week, I look forward to reading what you find
-Joanna

Hey Venus

Really cool research!  I found it very informative and just the right length.  I've always believed emotional pain was far greater and worse than physical pain, with heartbreak being the worse of all.  I find it interesting that there are physical pains involved in emotional pain too, when there isn't emotional pian during physical pain, which reinforces my idea that emotional pain is more painful.  Which might be an interesting thing to look into for your next round.

Your next rounds sounds really interesting!  I really love the idea of looking into how heartbreak teaches you lessons about your future.  How it will help to fuel the desire to find love in the future.  I  think that it fuels you to do this, because if you have felt heartbreak, than love came before that.  Having love once, makes you want to continue in that happiness, which is what fuels you to get that love again.  That it my theory.   I wonder if you will prove me to be right or wrong in your next round?

 https://addicted2success.com/l...in-a-higher-purpose/

good luck!

Wow, this is an amazing topic, intriguing and relatable.  I  like how the information is organized and broken down. It is clear  and understable information. You knew that the scientific side of heartbreak would be so interesting.   

Wondering what the effects of  expressing  heartbreak through a creative outlet  like writing in a journal or writing a poem or a song from a scientific perspective?  

Here is some possible research you could look at https://bigthink.com/can-you-f...-by-writing-about-it

Looking forward to  seeing your research on  how we can heal from heartbreak!  - Kaley

Hi Venus,
 
this is a really cool topic.  I never knew that there was an actual science behind a heartbreak.  Your research was very interesting to read, never a dull moment. 
 
I never knew that a heartbreak could contribute to physical pain.  I suppose it makes sense because anxiety can effect your physical state so why not a heartbreak?  I have always wondered what the science behind love was, it is very interesting that it all comes down to hormones.  It was also surprising to hear that "...heartbreak activates the same mechanisms in the brain that get activated when addicts are withdrawing from drug substances..."  It seems crazy that love can effect someone so much.
 
I can't wait to read your next research round on the science behind healing  a heartbreak.  Here is a website to help you, though it is not so much on the science behind healing a heartbreak, more so how to move on:
 
 
Keep up the good work!
~Haley M.

Hi Venus! 

 Great topic - everyone has felt emotional pain before, but we never really stop to think how it affects our brain because we're so caught up in it. I definitely found your points about intrusive thoughts interesting. When we're upset or sad, we often think repetitively about a memory that may have caused these feelings. I never thought about that as "intrusive" but like you said, it really is. 

 Here is a site that may be helpful to you: 

 https://www.psycom.net/guy-winch-heal-a-broken-heart

 Hope that helps! This research was really cool, keep up the good work! 

Hi Venus,

Great round of research! Your topic is extremely intriguing, and I liked how you looked at both the emotional and the physical pain associated to heartbreak. It was interesting to read about the change in hormones, and also how heartbreak is similar to drug withdrawal in a way. Because heartbreak has similar symptoms to drug withdrawal, I'm curious to learn about the ways that people can push past and essentially "recover" from it. It would be interesting to know what methods work best and why, and perhaps a look into the brain of a person healing from heartbreak such as levels of different hormones.

Here are some websites that might help you:

http://time.com/4756642/how-to...ver-from-heartbreak/

https://www.chicagotribune.com...-20170629-story.html

https://www.cbc.ca/life/wellne...et-over-it-1.4608785

Good luck!

Hi Venus!

Great research round! I really like how informative it was and how easy and clear you made it to read! I think it’s really intriguing that heartbreak activates the same parts of the brain when someone is withdrawing from drugs. The diagram you put comparing the two brains also really helped emphasize what you were saying more. It makes me wonder if the brain processes love as a sort of drug. It seems to be addictive the same way drugs can be, and the withdrawal symptoms are the same as well. Maybe if you interested, you could do some more research about how exactly the brain processes love and what it is to the brain. Here are some websites to help you out next round:
https://www.independent.co.uk/...-media-a8207011.html

https://www.ted.com/talks/guy_...anscript?language=en

Good luck!

Add Reply

×
×
×
×