For this round of research, I want to start by getting a definition on what animal testing is, what kinds of animals are tested on, and the history of animal testing.
What is Animal Testing?
Before I put "What is animal testing?" in my own words here are some organization's definition of the growing topic.
An animal test is any scientific experiment or test in which a live animal is forced to undergo something that is likely to cause them pain, suffering, distress or lasting harm. - Cruelty Free International
Experimentation carried out on animals. It is used to assess the safety and effectiveness of everything from medication to cosmetics, as well as understanding how the human body works. - About Animal Testing
The term "animal testing" refers to procedures performed on living animals for purposes of research into basic biology and diseases, assessing the effectiveness of new medicinal products, and testing the human health and/or environmental safety of consumer and industry products such as cosmetics, household cleaners, food additives, pharmaceuticals and industrial/agro-chemicals. - Humane Society International
To sum it all up, animal testing is an experiment that is tested on live animals for research purposes. Most of the animals being tested on suffer great pain and distress causing them a lasting harm. Scientists preform tests on animals to prevent diseases and keep people safe from harmful things in cosmetics, medication, chemicals and household cleaners.
What Kind of Animals Are Tested On?
Sadly, there are more animals being tested on than I first believed. It has been estimated that there are more than 115 million animals tested on yearly. Some animals include, pigs, mice, rats, rabbits, fish, Guinea pigs, hamsters, farm animals, cats, dogs and even exotic animals like monkeys. Researchers say that a mouse is the closest thing to a man which is why mice are great to test on. Not only are these animals tortured and alone, they also are locked into cages where they wait until they are forced to be tested on. In the United States, the number of animals being tested on went down in 2015, but here's a chart to show the exact numbers of animal species being used.
Animals Used in Research 2014/2015
|TYPE OF ANIMAL||NUMBER USED IN 2014||NUMBER USED IN 2015|
|Other Farm Animals||27,393||27,786|
|All Other Animals||171,375||130,066|
|TOTAL ANIMALS USED||834,453||767,622|
History of Animal Testing
Surprisingly, animal testing existed as early as the 384-322BC, but their usage of animal testing is very different than what we use it for. Back then Greek physicians like Galen used animal testing to advance anatomy and physiology. In my opinion, in 384BC animals were probably treated worse than they are today because animals had no protection back then like they do now. We have organizations that prevent animal cruelty like Cruelty Free International and Peta. On the other hand, there probably wasn't as many animals being tested on because wasn't as popular as it is now. Since animal testing became more popular, the number of animals being tested on increased rapidly. Once again the argument could go both ways for was animal testing better back in the olden days or now.
Please comment, tell me your opinion on animal testing and I'd love to hear all your feedback!