Today I will be concentrating on the positive and negative effects of solar radiation.These unbalanced scale show the positive and the negative effects of UV.It illustrates how they weigh each other.

Positive (beneficial) effects of UV

Triggers vitamin D – rays from the Sun is needed by our bodies to produce vitamin D. Vitamin D helps strengthen bones, muscles and the body’s immune system. It may also lower the risk of having some kinds of cancers such as colon cancer.

Helps some skin conditions – The suns rays are used in the treatment of skin conditions such as psoriasis. It is a condition where the skin sheds its cells too quickly and develops itchy, scaly patches. Exposure to sunlight slows the growth of the skin cells and relieves the symptoms.

Helps moods – Research says that sunlight stimulates the pineal gland in the brain to produce certain chemicals called ‘tryptamines’. The chemicals improve our mood.

Helps some animals’ vision – Some animals can see into the near UV light to locate many ripe fruits, flowers and seeds that stand out more strongly from the background. The fruits, flowers and seeds rarely appear quite different from how humans see them. For example, when seen in the rays of light, some flowers have different line markings, which may help direct bees and birds to the nectar.

Aids some insects’ navigation – Many insects use suns rays for emissions from celestial objects as references for navigating in flight. This is why a light can attracts flying insects by disrupting their navigation process.

Negative (harmful) effects of UV

Causes sunburn -Suns rays burns the skin. Sunburn is a burn that happens occurs when skin cells are damaged. This destroys the skin is caused by the absorption of energy from UV rays. An extra blood flows to the damaged skin in an attempt to repair it, which is why your skin turns red when you are sunburnt.

Damages immune system – Over-exposure to the suns radiation has a harmful suppressing effect on the immune system. Scientists believe that sunburn can alter the distribution and function of disease-fighting white blood cells in humans for up to 24 hours after exposure to the sun. Repeated over-exposure to UV radiation can result to even more damage to the body's immune system. The immune system offends the body against bacteria, microbes, viruses, toxins and parasites (disease and infection). You can realise  how effective the immune system is by looking at how quickly something decays when it dies and the immune system stops working.

Damages eyes – Prolonged exposure to UV or high intensities of UV (for example, in sunbeds) destroys the tissues of eyes and can cause a ‘burning’ of the eye surface, called ‘snow blindness’ or photokeratitis. The effects usually disappear within a couple of days, but may result to further complications later in life. In 1998, the Journal of the American Medical Association reported that even low amounts of sunlight can increase the danger of developing eye damage such as cataracts (which, left untreated, will cause blindness), pterygium and pinguecula. Suns rays exposure damage to the eyes is cumulative, so it is never too late to start protecting the eyes.

A tanned older person

An older man whose skin shows a long-term effect of far too much tanned.             REF;                                                                         https://www.sciencelearn.org.n...gative-effects-of-uv                                                https://www.sciencelearn.org.n...47-unbalanced-scales                     https://www.sciencelearn.org.n...-tanned-older-person

Original Post

Hey Dorcas,

Neat topic, it's always good to know why not to stay out in the sun too log without out protection. I enjoyed reading about both sides of your topic to get different perspectives. Another downside to solar radiation is skin cancer which is very serious. 

For ypu next research you could maybe look at why some people burn easily than others and what role does melanin play in protecting from UV radiation. Here's a link related to the topic.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2671032/

Keep up the great work!

Hi Dorcas! 

 Wow, neat topic! I was really intrigued by what you said about the sun improving our moods through sunlight releasing brain chemicals. I always associated the sun with feeling good and now I think I know why.  

 As for the negative effects of UV rays, it could be interesting to explore different UV sensitivities or related conditions people have, and the negative effects the sun has for them. 

Good luck! 

Hey Dorcas!

I love this topic! It was so interesting to read your research, and i also love the organization of it. It was very easy for me to read, and i learned a handful of new information that i didn't know about before!

I liked the photo at the very top, that represented your topic as a big picture! It was very creative! Keep it up! and i'll look forward to your next researches

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