Inquiry Question: Is there a relationship between depression and facial appearance? 

Focus of this round: How to relieve depression?

The last round introduces the consequences of depression, welcome to go to my page to see it! After I introduce the causes and the consequences, in this round, I am going to talk about how to relieve the depression so that either we could help ourselves out of the depression, or we could learn how to lead the people nearby out of the depression. If you find yourself or the people around you have similar symptoms as round 2, it is helpful that you look over this round--How to Relieve Depression?

Depression cannot be released by oneself that the people with mantel illness need others’ help. Usually, the psychologist and families and friends could help. The depressed people need help! So, how can we help them?


The three most common treatments for depression are psychotherapy, medication, and electroconvulsive therapy.  

If you got the symptoms as I the last round said, you need to adjust your condition.  According to Griffin, we could know there are a few ways that you can adjust yourself in daily life:

  • Get in a routine. "If you’re depressed, you need a routine," says Ian Cook, MD, a psychiatrist and director of the Depression Research and Clinic Program at UCLA. For example, join a picnic with friends. 
  • Set goals. When you're depressed, you may feel like you can't accomplish anything. That makes you feel worse about yourself. To push back, set daily goals for yourself. Then, as you start to feel better, you can add more challenging daily goals. Take me as an example, I would prefer to set a due to reading a book. It could not only help me use my time wisely, but also can help me get more knowledge. 
  • Exercise. It temporarily boosts feel-good chemicals called endorphins. It may also have long-term benefits for people with depression. Cook says, "regular exercise seems to encourage the brain to rewire itself in positive ways." 

Psychotherapy can be delivered to individuals, groups, or families by mental health professionals.  A 2012 review found psychotherapy to be better than no treatment but not other treatments.[2] What's more, psychotherapy has been shown to be effective in older people.[5] 

With more complex and chronic forms of depression, a combination of medication and psychotherapy may be used. [3][4] Usually, Sertraline (Zoloft) is used primarily to treat major depression in adults. From the research, we can know that "Conflicting results have arisen from studies that look at the effectiveness of antidepressants in people with acute, mild to moderate depression. "[6] SSRIs are the primary medications prescribed, owing to their relatively mild side-effects. In addition, they are less toxic in overdose than other antidepressants.[7] Meanwhile, it also children can also be supported by the use of the SSRI antidepressant fluoxetine.[8] Therefore, SSRIs is the primary selection of psychologists. 

Finally, there are another mental management left--Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT). ECT is a standard psychiatric treatment in which seizures are electrically induced in patients to provide relief from psychiatric illnesses.[9] In fact, ECT is used with informed consent as a last line of intervention for major depressive disorder.[10]A usual course of ECT uses multiple administrations, typically given two or three times per week, until the patient is no longer suffering symptoms. 


Citations:

  1. Griffin, R. M. (n.d.). 10 Natural Depression Treatments. Retrieved from https://www.webmd.com/depressi...natural-treatments#1
  2. Khan A, Faucett J, Lichtenberg P, Kirsch I, Brown WA (30 July 2012). "A systematic review of comparative efficacy of treatments and controls for depression"
  3. Thase ME (1999). "When are psychotherapy and pharmacotherapy combinations the treatment of choice for major depressive disorder?". The Psychiatric Quarterly70 (4): 333–46
  4. Cordes J (2013). "Depression". Encyclopedia of Sciences and Religions. pp. 610–16. doi:10.1007/978-1-4020-8265-8_301ISBN 978-1-4020-8264-1.
  5. Wilson KC, Mottram PG, Vassilas CA (January 2008). "Psychotherapeutic treatments for older depressed people". The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews23
  6. Iglesias-González M, Aznar-Lou I, Gil-Girbau M, Moreno-Peral P, Peñarrubia-María MT, Rubio-Valera M, Serrano-Blanco A (November 2017). "Comparing watchful waiting with antidepressants for the management of subclinical depression symptoms to mild-moderate depression in primary care: a systematic review". Family Practice. 34 (6): 639–48.
  7. Royal Pharmaceutical Society of Great Britain 2008, p. 204
  8. Cipriani A, Zhou X, Del Giovane C, Hetrick SE, Qin B, Whittington C, Coghill D, Zhang Y, Hazell P, Leucht S, Cuijpers P, Pu J, Cohen D, Ravindran AV, Liu Y, Michael KD, Yang L, Liu L, Xie P (August 2016). "Comparative efficacy and tolerability of antidepressants for major depressive disorder in children and adolescents: a network meta-analysis". Lancet.
  9. Rudorfer, MV, Henry, ME, Sackeim, HA (2003). "Electroconvulsive therapy". In A Tasman, J Kay, JA Lieberman (eds) Psychiatry, Second Edition. Chichester: John Wiley & Sons Ltd, 1865–1901.
  10. FDA Executive Summary Archived 24 September 2015 at the Wayback Machine.. Prepared for the 27–28 January 2011 meeting of the Neurological Devices Panel Meeting to Discuss the Classification of Electroconvulsive Therapy Devices (ECT).
Original Post

Hey Ivy!

Great job on your post! I can tell through your writing and your sources that you spent a lot of time on your round which is very much appreciated. I also appreciate how you explore the scientific side of your inquiry as your question can be interpreted both ways. If it interests you, it may be interesting to look into how depression affects the lives of those who suffer from it (social, mental, physical consequences, etc.).

Here are some sources that may be of use to you:

https://www.webmd.com/depressi...ession-complications

https://adaa.org/learn-from-us...ssion-and-daily-life 

Again, great job!

Hi Ivy, good job on your research! I really like how you organized it and how it is written, it is obvious you did a lot of research and put a lot of time into writing this.   It was interesting to read the scientific aspect of things because generally for most people, I don’t think they know that, only more so what it is and symptoms.  

Overall great job!

Hey Ivy, 

Great Research round on how to relieve depression since it is a very common mental issue that people struggle with around the world. I found it interesting that a routine could be a beneficial addition to a person who's suffering from depression. If you happen to continue this question for the next cycle, maybe you could look into the different types of depression and how facial expressions could be a sign. I noticed in your second round of research you looked into depression causes however I have seen many different types of depression. Anyways I look forward to your metamorphosis and here is a link on the different types of depression. 

https://www.webmd.com/depressi...e/depression-types#1

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