I’m so sorry for being inactive on the site. I’m finally really getting into it and getting motivated so here we go.

I would like to say that this week’s research was focused on a specific topic but honestly there was wide variety of things I looked into. That being said, I gathered a ton of information on plastic pollution in oceans and on land that I would like to bring light to.

There are five major garbage patches floating in three of our five oceans. In order of smallest to largest, there is one in the Northern Atlantic Ocean, in the Southern Atlantic Ocean, in the Southern Pacific Ocean, in the Indian Ocean and the largest of them all is “The Great Pacific garbage patch, also described as the Pacific trash vortex, [which] is a gyre of marine debris particles in the central North[ern] Pacific Ocean”. (4) This patch of garbage is three times the size of France—if it’s easier to visualize—two times the size of British Columbia or over 3.3 times the size of Kenya.


What I found most fascinating was the direct effect plastics have on land, specifically in Hawaii.

On Hawaii’s Big Island, 15 percent of their sand is microplastic. (1) These small microplastics can actually form a type of rock called plastiglomerate. These rocks can form when plastic debris fuse—perhaps in a campfire—with sand, rocks, shells, and coral. (2)


Eventually, the layer of plastic spread around the world from the 1950’s onwards will form a noticeable line in sedimentary rock, (3) further supporting what Geologists conclude will become an enduring mark of our impact on the earth. (2)

Next week’s research will be geared more towards social behaviour; how we’ve adapted to ‘throw away living’ and how certain attitudes grow in parallel to plastic production. Over the weekend I’ll create a survey about personal plastic usage. I would highly appreciate your participation.

(1)Richard Thompson, National Geographic June 2018 page 49
(2)Jeff Elstone, National Geographic June 2018 page 50
(4) https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wik...acific_garbage_patch


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Hey Sephine, 

Awesome research round on the 5 garbage patches in our ocean! Your inquiry question brings awareness to a growing problem that may not directly effect us at the moment, but around the world others are. It demonstrates how doing our part in recycling has a major affect on the world and more specifically the citizens in Hawaii. I'm looking forward to your upcoming research round on social behaviour and a survey. Additionally, I think it would be beneficial if you were able to incorporate what our future may look like with and without recycling because plastic is already building up within our oceans, what will it be like in 50 years? As I mentioned earlier, your project can be very impactful and this addition may open peoples eyes more to the important issue our world is faced with, in hopes to preserve it for future generations. Here are some links for the future rounds. Good luck! 



Hey Sephine,

The plastic waste menace has been on the tongues of most people. There is a lot of research appertaining to the issue of plastics going on around the globe and tonnes of new information is being availed about the extent of degradation and new methods to help solve the issue. I am glad you are doing research about this pressing issues and will be looking forward to your findings.

The information you shared about the five major ocean garbage patches is very interesting and helpful. I particularly like the idea of looking at people's attitudes towards plastics and how they influence the present state of our environment. You would wanna carry out a survey of a number of people across all ages. It gives more depth to the information regarding  how different people of different generations regard this menace. The results might not be very different but it is worth a try. 

A couple of years ago I was working on a project on how top recycle plastics by molding them to plastic tiles. Reading about the plastiglomerate made me think about any advantages that we may access from the rock. Can it be reformed and or molded? What are its properties? What is its effect of organisms living in it? These would be cool things to look at at later stages of your research.

Good luck with your research.

Hey Sephine, 

It's mind blowing how you explained that the Pacific trash vortex is three times the size of France, that's humongous for so much debris. I'm really engaged on your topic, and excited for the survey and what's to come next. I believe it would be fantastic to incorporate information about some movements that are against this much ocean pollution and to research what these campaigns are doing to prevent it from getting bigger!

Good job!

Hi sephine,

I actually watched a ted talks about an 18 year old talking a loud this problem a week or two ago and he actually created a ocean clean up machine not too long ago and he has a Ted talks on just what you were talking about, he talks a lot about the negative effects of plastic in the environment and hopefully it can help you or inspire your further research!!




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