For this round in my research, I wanted to collect evidence and examples of psychology being applied to the early childhood education system and the impacts it had created. As for the interviews with psychology teachers and mental health professionals, I was unable to plan a meeting over the winter break, and due to the fact that the semester is ending I decided to postpone the interviews until the start of the new semester when the timing is less cramped and hectic from exams.
According to the American Psychological Association, the Center of Psychology in Schools and Education (CPSE) promotes the application of psychological and behavioral science to be interlaced through the kindergarten to 12th grade curriculum https://www.apa.org/ed/schools/index.aspx , particularly focusing on supplying the teachers with a knowledge of psychology to help them apply it into their lessons on their own. Psych learning curve, an organization of the APA made up of educational psychologists, provided a list of psychological principles that teachers can use to further enhance the learning experience of their students. http://psychlearningcurve.org/...rn-more-effectively/
Practices include the explanation of the growth vs fixed mindset, which has recently been introduced to the curriculums of many local schools, including my previous school Lord Tweedsmuir. The idea behind the Growth vs Fixed mindset lesson is to teach students why they have difficulties motivating themselves to improve in certain subjects, and why they have no trouble succeeding in others. In my personal opinion, learning the scientific reason why I struggle, made the path to ‘rewire’ subconscious ideas much clearer and understandable. Here is a Ted Talk that covers the concept: https://youtu.be/_X0mgOOSpLU
Here are some outside of school programs in the area that explore the incorporation of psychology are:
Roots of Empathy: an organization that’s goal is to nurture empathy in children and develop emotional literacy. They started from British Columbia and have now grown to an international organization. For example, one of the programs that they offer is to introduce a mother and infant to a classroom, giving each student the opportunity to bond with a young child and develop the type of social and interpersonal responsibility that grows the best with first-hand experience. https://rootsofempathy.org/
Big Brothers/Big Sisters: A Canadian, non-profit organization aimed to pair children who have an absent authoritative and/or parental figure in their lives, with a volunteer ‘Mentor” to fill the empty spot and serve as a healthy role model and reliable adult figure that the child can trust. Big Brothers was founded in 1913 and has since then expanded worldwide. A study done by the Boston Consulting Group states that due to impact that the program has had on improving the mental health and reducing the crime rate in children, each dollar invested into the Big Brothers/Big Sisters program returns to society as $18. https://bigbrothersbigsisters.ca/
Mind-Up: a lesson program that is made to be incorporated into Pre-K to Grade Eight classrooms, placing emphasis on learning through neuroscience, positive psychology, mindful awareness and social-emotional learning. A study done on the long term effects of prioritizing Social and Emotional learning in the classroom not only increases the level of achievement among students by an average of 11%, but also heightens the levels of prosocial behavior, like cooperation, consideration and empathy between students, as well as overall happiness and confidence. They also agree that what can be learned through the help of psychologist and social work should align with classroom educators. With the tax dollars used to deal with issues of substance abuse and crime, especially among youth, and the rate that it can be prevented due to the incorporation of social and emotional-based programs, the long term benefits would lead to a significantly more successful economy and public health.