Negative attitudes and false beliefs or assumptions on the part of relevant actors,including police,lawyer and judges,may result in persons with disabilities being considered and treated as less credible at all stages of legal processes. When reporting a crime,in terms of whether one can serve as witness or in making legal decisions, seeking remedies for alleged violations of their rights or otherwise participating in legal proceedings.
Persons with disabilities cannot seek remedies of injustice if they do not know what their legal rights are or how to exercise them under law. Lack of accessible information or modes of communication further limits the ability of persons with disability to report crimes or their effective participation in legal proceedings. Unfortunately in many countries police officers lack awareness of disability or of working with victims who have disabilities.
Many police officers have difficulty distinguishing between different disabilities most particularly intellectual disability and mental illness.they also face challenges when there is lack of accessible police stations, information and modes of communication for example; deaf people may have difficulty in making contact with the police in an emergency situation. They may also fear that reporting crimes will not lead to justice.
In many african countries around the world,disability law is not yet fully developed. In order to ensure physical access to justice facilities, police stations, courthouses and prisons must be accessible to persons with disabilities. People with disabilities are also at increased risk of neglect. The abuse of people with disabilities is sometimes gendered and disability- specific for examplemes to women they are abused by carers through finances, with holding medication and limiting access to aids and equipment.
People with disabilities are among some of the vulnerable people in our society due to their dependence on others who care and support or because of social isolation,their place of residence or the nature of their disability. Through my research i have learnt that people with
disabilities have rights to freedom,respect, equality and dignity.
Women and men with disabilities can and want to be productive members in the society. In both developed and developing countries,promoting more inclusive societies and employment opportunities for people with disabilities requires improved access to basic education,training relevant to labour market needs and jobs suited to their skills, interests and abilities with adaptations as needed.