For my last round of this shortened cycle, I'll be focusing on a relatively recent global superpower. This nation is interesting, considering it has its roots within anti-imperialism. It is also one of the only nations where communist theory (in some form) has been practiced. Before I start, these are the 6 cycles within Glubb's system that I'll be using:
- The Age of Pioneers (Outburst)
- The Age of Conquests
- The Age of Commerce
- The Age of Affluence
- The Age of Intellect
- The Age of Decadence
The Soviet Union initially grew out of revolutions within the country, as factions and parties tried to out the Tsar from his position of power. These "worker's revolutions" let to the eventual creation of the Soviet Union. The Soviet Union effectively was born during World War 1; making it a somewhat of a war-based state as it grew. Internal fighting between the Red army and the White army put the Soviet Union in an aggressive stance, giving the incentive for territorial and power gain. By the time World War 2 arrived, the Soviet Union had started to gain territory. This expansionist attitudes of the Soviet Union might have been directly correlated to Marx's worldwide communism theory. During the Stalin Era and World War 2, the Union experienced rapid industrialization. The "5-year plan" system employed by the government boosted the economy quite a bit, making it a political and militaristic power by the time of the Cold War. The Cold War era was a cultural and economic struggle between the US and the USSR. The two nation went into high competition, forcing each other to innovate on a large scale basis. (Technological innovations were also starting to occur at this time too.) After the rapid times of industrialization, the Soviet Union went into a period of political tension and decline. The USSR economy was practically stagnant, and political freedom/criticisms rose to an all-time high near its death.
The Soviet Union seemed to transition to and encompass many ages at the same time. The Lenin Era encompassed the age of pioneers, the Stalin era encompassed the age of conquest, while later generations had a mix of the last 4 ages. It seems that the stability of the nation directly correlates with how fast a nation moves through the periods. The less stable, the faster it progresses. A lot of factors seemed to influence the instability of the nation, and the attitudes it developed only seem constant on a surface level. The non-imperial nature of the nation also makes it hard to relate to the system. I dont know if the Soviet Union is compatible with the Glubb system, but it seems slightly accurate.