Elevation is the action or fact of rising or being raised to a higher or more important level, state or position.
There are different ways of proving this.
- Fly in an airplane at a high altitude and dive deep down the ocean in the same location. You will notice that at a high temperature and the opposite is experienced deep in the ocean.
- When you go up a mountain you will discover that the higher you go the cooler it becomes and the opposite is experienced when you go down the mountain.
- This may also be proven by countries that don’t snow but the peaks of the mountains snow eg Mt Kenya in Africa.
- A simple explanation I gave before was to fly in an airplane. Touch the window as the plane ascends or above sea level. You will notice that the windows will be feeling cooler, compared to how it was before the flight took off (1)
The reason why elevation affects climate is this. As you go higher up the atmosphere experiences less pressure. As the gas existing in the atmosphere rises, it starts feeling less pressure thus causing it to expand. (2)
The elevation is also shown on the map. These are called topographic maps. They are represented with different colors on the map. (3)
The animals that live on the mountains or higher altitude tend to have more fur than other animals while those that live on the lower altitude have less fur though they are of the same species. (4)
The higher the elevation the lower the atmosphere and therefore the lower the temperature; the lower the elevation the higher the atmosphere and therefore the higher the temperature.(2)