What are plants? Plants are the wide range of living organisms on earth that are most known for their ability to make their own food through the process of photosynthesis. Another characteristic that they have is that they have rigid cell walls and this makes them excellent for using as building materials (1).
Which trees do we use for building? We can use softwood and hardwood trees. Softwood trees are wood milled from conifer trees. Conifer trees are any trees that have needles and produce cones. Examples of softwood trees used in construction are cedar, cypress, larch and pine. Wood is one of the most popular building materials and has been used for construction for a lot of years. It is also recyclable and renewable can be fabricated in different shapes and sizes. It also has many advantages compared to other materials because it is also strong. It is used in making things like chairs, tables, chairs, roof, floor etc (2).
Hardwood trees are types of wood that come from deciduous trees, these are trees where leaves fall every autumn. Hardwood trees are also used for construction of walls, ceilings and floors. Why hardwood trees are important is because they take much more time to mature than other types making them very important in the environment.Types of hardwood trees are oak, maple, beach and ash(3).
In some places people are starting to add living plants to the exterior of their buildings. Living plants reflect 30% of the sunlight received and absorb 50%. This reduces the high temperature in houses. When we add plants to the roof, it can last for a very long time and these plants can also serve as fire resistors. Living plants can also reduce energy usage.(4)