The gender factor in child labour.

Hey everyone, today i am talking about child labour in agriculture.

Gender characters determine occupations and tasks undertake by boys and girls, the conditions and hours of work, and educational opportunities.Agriculture is still a significant form of child labor in both and girls.Boys are more likely to undertake activities in agriculture (62.8% for boys versus 37.2% for girls) and industry (68.5% for boys versus 31.5% for girls), girls out number in services (47.4% for boys versus 52.6% for girls)

In 2004 and 2008, the number and rate of boys in hazardous work has decreased slightly (0.5%), while for girls has decreased more significantly by 24%.It is increasing for children between 15-17 years by 20%-10 million in 2004 and 2008.Both boys and girls work in fields and are often isolated for long hours, facing the risk of violence and abuse.Boys performing hazardous work out number of girls two to one in this age group.A lot of girls faces the double burden of performing household chores within their own households like (cooking, childcare and collecting firewood)combined with agricultural activities like sowing, harvesting and livestock holdings.

Account for both work involves in household chores likewise  agricultural tasks, there is country specific evidence showing that frequently girls work more hours than boys.A higher percentage or girl child laborers are unpaid and in the situation that child laborers are paid where girls are often paid less than boys for doing the same job.

Habitually attitudes, includes not valuing girls' education(partially due to different returns to education for both girls and boys) not considering household chores as work, pose additional challenges to improving the situation of girls in rural areas.Because of the prevailing division of labor in both boys and girls are exposed to different risks and hazards.

In farming,boys are frequently responsible for operating machinery, using sharp tools, spraying chemicals, and they are more commonly exposed to amputations, cuts and burns, pesticide poisoning and health impacts.Girls are more often responsible for carrying water ,wood risking musculoskes injuries,fatigue and sexual abuse.In pastoral communities,livestock herding requires boys to spend extended periods of time in remote isolated areas ,where they risk hypothermia animal attacks ,biological hazard and sexual abuse.

Girls are more often in charge of poultry, and smaller animals, and they can be affected by transmission of biological hazards like salmonella and vain flu.  Fisheries, boys are therefore  involved with capture fishing and are at risk of drowning, hypothermia, entanglement in nets and crushing injuries.Girls are usually responsible for selling and processing fish experiencing respiratory problems from smoke inhalation, and cuts and burns.

Studies that show transactional sex is common in some fish landing areas, therefore girls to commercial sexual exploitation, sexually transmitted diseases and potentially sexual abuse.

Here i found a link;

 http://www.ilo.org/ipec/areas/...1/lang--en/index.htm

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