Summary for inquiry question – What will the future of electricity look like?
Did you know that electricity deprivation might become a thing in the future? Even though it looks like we have unlimited amounts of electricity, we do not, which is a great problem. This summary will show you that our future of electricity may turn out horrible. There are multiple theories that prove this. One of the theories from Daniel Burrows proves that electricity demands will rise and explains a new method of generating electricity. Another theory is by the head of Energy Industries. They have a well calculated theory on the changes in different sources of electricity on OECD countries. Another great theory is by the online news article, Guardian. Before we start with the theories, we first need to understand our current state of electricity, from our usage to how we make our electricity.
Today in the world, electricity is being used everywhere; ranging from robots to phones. It is how we enjoy ourselves, and without Benjamin Franklin, we might not have our phones that we truly love. There are two different types of electricity people generate, which are non-renewable energy (coal, nuclear, fossil fuels, thermal) and renewable energy (hydro, wind, solar). Countries with a lot of rivers like Canada will rely mostly on hydroelectric dams. Other countries such as France without many rivers will use radiated rods to generate electricity (72.3%). (1) Today, the cost of electricity in BC is $0.0858 per kWh for first 1,350 kWh and $0.1287 kWh after that mark. (2)
The first theory is from Daniel Burrows and his theory is about ultra-capacitors and how it will change the world. He believes that electricity demand is going to rise double in the next 30 years, which is a lot of electricity we have to generate. Eventually we may go into lack of electricity in the world, so his solution is to introduce ultra-capacitors. These will pump out a lot of electricity at once and gain a lot of electricity in its storage using electromagnetic fields. These will be commonly used in renewable generators, which will influence a lot of people to switch from fossil fuels to renewable energy, which can help reduce carbon emissions. (3)
The second theory is by a member of the Head of Energy Industries. They have a very well calculated theory on how the sources of electricity will change in the future, depending on OECD, a group of countries that believe in free democracy and will. Energy Industries keeps track of the usage of electricity in every OECD country. They believe that we will spend much less on renewable energy because it will be cheaper to make renewable generators (132 million to 129 million dollars). They also claim that fossil fuels will be much more expensive if their previous recordings keep continuing. This is because it will be much more expensive to build non-renewable generators because of its unpopularity. Thermal energy will slowly decline as well as nuclear energy. (4)
The Guardian, a very well-known news site, has released an article about their interpretation of the future of electricity. They show the non-popular versions of creating electricity that may be used a lot in the future. They believe that biomass, creating electricity by burning animal or plants products, will be used a lot in the future. Even though it is not environmentally friendly, it is slowly creeping up to one of the main sources of electricity we are using. Sweden is very popular for their biomass factories. Another unpopular method we can create electricity is by creating fuel cells. These fuel cells are created by combining hydrogen and oxygen in some way, which creates zero emission. This may be very effective for creating zero emission cars. (5)
For the past three weeks, I have been collecting data for my action, to keep track of how much electricity I use on charging my tablet. For the first week, I used it normally, then the next two weeks, I tried to conserve as much battery as I could. The chart below shows the first 7 days of using it normally.
Day 1 Day 2 Day 3 Day 4 Day 5 Day 6 Day 7
34%-100% 42-100% 21-100% 38% 9-45% 34-100% 12%-100% 31%-100%
0.66x4000=2640mAh 0.58x4000=2320mAh 0.79x4000=3160mAh 0mAh (0.36+0.66) x 4000=4080mAh 0.88x4000=3520mAh 0.69x4000=2760mAh
Total mAh: 18480mAh=0.0924kWh
0.0924x$0.1287 per kWh (according to BC Hydro)=
From these first 7 days, I have found out that the cost into charging a tablet is very minimal.
Days 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14
mAh used 1028 1560 1250 1395 1080 540 1210 710 545 1265 1115 670 880 910
Total: For 14 days: 14158mAh Average of 7 days : 7079 mAh
These are the 14 days of trying to conserve as much electricity as possible. If we compare it to the first seven days of using it normally, on average, I have almost tripled my savings in megawatts.
In conclusion, I believe that fossil fuel usage will decline, and renewable energy sources will rise. Hoping governments take into the account of climate change, we can try to prevent as much carbon gasses we are creating by making more renewable energy generators. Other methods such as fuel cells seems like a great idea to help with creating zero emission cars, so that we can live a cleaner life. Thank you all for reading.