For my final research round I will be looking at something that, ties into a previous research round; universal events.
Universal events are events that are talked about in (nearly) every cultures mythology. Popular universal events include: floods, famine, creation, etc.
Flood, famine and creation are the myths we will be talking about. Now these myths follow a pattern and are often times caused by the influence of the gods of said culture, if not gods then a god like entity.
The flood myths most often deal with punishments delivered by gods to the people of a civilization, due to said civilization crossing that god. Some famous cases would be that of the floods in the Abrahamic religions, flood myths in the ancient Greek civilizations (three to be exact) and the Gilgamesh flood myth as described in Tigay, Jeffrey H. (1982), The Evolution of the Gilgamesh Epic.
The Gilgamesh aka Mesopotamian flood myth and the Abrahamic flood myth follow a similar basis in the sense of the respective cultures God(s) are/is unhappy with the people and devises a way to, in a way, wipe the slate clean. Both stories continue in their familiarity with a singular person being informed of this plan, and in response builds a boat/arch in order to save as many lives as possible.
Now some religions and mythologies had deities that embodied famine and where thus the cause. In ancient Greece that Goddess was Limos and her power was needed in order to help her opposite Demetrius, during the seven year famine as described in ancient Egyptian myths, creator god Khnemu remedied the situation of the Nile going dry; the very thing that caused the famine, and in Norse Mythology it was speculated that Ragnarök would be preceded by three years of chaos, famine and plague.
Creation myths are a part of every culture and are used to explain the age old question of "Why are we here?". Sometimes the answer is, "to ease a god's loneliness" such as in the Chinese creation myth featuring Nü Gua, who fashioned humans from water and yellow clay. In some First nations cultures, the Transformer/Creator created animals first and used said animals to help create humans (and then proceed to play tricks on said humans), and in a Yoruba creation story humans where made entirely by chance when an entity known as Obatala saw their own reflection and decided to make humans based off of them-self (some of which turned out to not all be perfect thanks to a few drinks Obatala had, however Obatala loved them all anyway).
As you cans see when it comes to universal myths it's fairly common that humans take center stage and it's only in a few instances where that isn't the case. As humans we have an incredible power to shape the world around us and no matter what someone believes, for as long as humans are around on this earth that will always be a universal truth, one we must treat with caution.
Tigay, Jeffrey H. (1982), The Evolution of the Gilgamesh Epic, University of Pennsylvania Press, Philadelphia, ISBN 0-8122-7805-4
Ovid (author); Melville, A.D. (trans.) (1998). Metamorphoses. Oxford University Press. pp. 195–197.
"10 Disturbing Episodes From Norse Mythology". Mentalfloss.com. N. p., 2010. Web. 17 June 2017.
"Creation Stories". Gly.uga.edu. N. p., 2017. Web. 17 June 2017.