Research #3 - How Might A Concussion Affect Teen's Brain Development?

Hello

In my research today, I will be looking further into teen athletes and concussions. Some questions I have are:

Which sport has the highest risk rate for a concussion?         

Are boys or girls more prone to getting concussions in sports?         

What happens when an athletes receives more than one concussion?         

 

Which sport has the highest risk rate for a concussion?               

Here is a graph with some rates on concussions and sports

Boys

Girls

Football –  64-76.8

Soccer - 33

Ice Hockey - 54

Lacrosse – 31-35

Lacrosse – 40-46.6

Basketball – 18.6-21

Soccer – 19-19.2

Softball – 16-16.3

Wrestling – 22-23.9

Field Hockey – 22-24.9

Basketball – 16 21.2

Cheerleading – 11.5-14

Baseball – 4.6-5

Volleyball – 6-8.6

 

The graph above proves that football has the highest risk rate in sports because there has been 64-76.8 concussions in 100,000 kids associated in playing sports. (1) Did you know that professional football players tackle at 25mph? Imagine all that impact on your head 900 – 1500 times in one regular football season. Also most concussion’s happen during a game because players are more aggressive and physical. (2)

                   

Are boys or girls more prone to getting concussions in sports?      

Surprisingly, girls are more prone to getting concussions than boys. But doctors aren’t 100% sure why though. Dr. Cantu thinks girl’s heads and necks are smaller so they have more shock impact when they get hit. While others believe that boys just don’t tell the coach have a concussion because they are worried they might be replaced on the team. Also research proves girls are more protected in sports meaning boys are taught to work through the pain and girls aren’t so much. (3)

 

What happens when an athlete receives more than one concussion?

When athletes receive more than one concussion they are 3 times more likely to receive another and the more concussions you have the longer it will take you to fully heal. Also in tests athletes seem to preform poorly on memory tests, visual tests, and reaction time tests. (4)  That’s not all either, if athletes aren’t treated correctly they could suffer worse symptoms for longer or even a coma or death. Everything in their lives can be harder too because school work is never easy and studies say that teens in high school have are harder time than college athletes. (5)

Next research round I plan to look into the differences between a brain that has suffered a concussion and a brain that hasn’t.

Please comment and if you have an ideas I would really appreciate it!

 

Citations

  1. http://www.headcasecompany.com...n_concussions_sports
  2. http://www.concussiontreatment...concussionfacts.html
  3. http://www.momsteam.com/health...men-more-succeptible
  4. http://www.momsteam.com/health...oncussion-management
  5. http://www.biav.net/sports-concussion.htm
Original Post

This is some really interesting research! I know so many people who have had concussions. I think its something a lot of people can relate to this because they might have had one, or someone they know has. Something you could look into if you want is the differences between a brain when someone has a minor concussion, compared to a major one. I'm looking forward to what you find next! Good luck!!

Here's a couple of links I found that you could use if you want

http://www.healthcommunities.c...-of-concussion.shtml

https://biau.org/types-and-levels-of-brain-injury/

Excellent work so far, Lauren!

This issue has been at the focal point of many a sports committee's arguments, as the interests and concerns of the players are conflicted with those of the sport itself, because who wants to play a game where a prerequisite of playing is, 'must be willing to lose several billion brain cells' ?

You are seeing the effects of this in the game of American football, because as you said, those open-field tackles can be quite vicious. Organizational heads will cook the books or cover up serious concussions in order to make it seem as though there aren't as many severe injuries. However, information has been leaking out for some time now, showing the actual statistic to be higher than it appeared. This has set in motion petitions to make the game safer, by putting better shock-absorbing material in helmets and other equipment; however, the concussion rates have not changed significantly, making way for a dwindling fan and player base.

As a soccer/football player who has received a concussion on the field, I understand how traumatic that experience can be, and how much it affects your ability to think. My motor skills and coordination were untouched, but even though my concussion was fairly mild, I still had difficulty recalling past events, as well as the names of people. My analytical and information retention processes were fine, as I could still do math and science superbly, but anything creative was drastically limited. I couldn't make metaphorical or literal connections to anything at all, writing was impossible above a middle school level (I was in Gr. 11), and when I attempted to talk or answer people, my mind would be fuzzy, as if someone dragged a carpet of moss over my speech centre. I am wondering if this is due to where I was hit, which was on the right side of the forehead by the hairline, which is typically associated with the more emotional and creative aspects of the human psyche (I wasn't feeling anything, either).

What got me out of this is reading. Reading helped me bridge the chasm between my two hemispheres, as I could read the words and then eventually comprehend what it meant. Also, being able to experience the emotions of the characters in the books allowed me to regain my lost empathy.

Perhaps you  could also figure into your research if where you get hit also has an impact on the resulting injuries? I am very curious to hear what you have to say on this.

Also, remember to place on your graphs the key to what the numbers represent, because these ones don't have any relevance until you read onward, and then you have to scroll back.

Best of luck!

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