Hello everyone today i am going to look on illegal drugs worldwide
Analysis examines the illegal drug trade and how it relates to culture, economic development, migration, international law, the environment health investment, technology, and terrorism.
Trade in Illegal Drugs
Trade in illegal drugs is approximated at five to six percent of the universal world trade, which is slightly larger than the combined global trade in agricultural products and cars. The UN estimates that the international drug trade alone is about eight percent of all international trade, about $400 billion annually.According to the UN’s 2007 World Drug Report, 4.8 percent of the world’s 15-64 year old population (200 million people) use drugs ,only 6 percent are considered “problem-drug users” (use on a monthly basis).
Role of Culture
Some believers in U.S believes that the lack of social capital in the U.S is the reason for the tendency of certain groups for using drugs. The evolution of the U.S. family away from the traditional nuclear unit is one potential culprit. Other reasons could include:
1) Children going away from home at a younger age;
2) The extended family playing a smaller role in child rearing;
3) High divorce rates; and,
4) Single –parent homes.
Adjustment problems faced by African Americans and uncontrollable immigrants are another criminal. Youth facing the “devolution of the family” and other adjustment problems usually join gangs.
Both the U.S. and Europe view the drug problem as connected to migration issues. The U.S. worries about drugs being imported along its borders with Mexico and Canada. The US-Mexico’s border is the main entry point for cocaine into the U.S (about 65 percent enters via the Southwest). Other drugs are also imported along the U.S.-Mexico border, such as heroin and methamphetamines. Because of the increased volume of trade between the US and Mexico since NAFTA, border guards are too busy to monitor every vehicle. There are 4.5 million trucks per year that cross the border. Canada is a source country for internal-grown, high-influence of marijuana as well. U.S. border patrol is much lighter though along the U.S.-Canadian border.
Most countries in the world have prohibitionist policies toward mind-changing drugs, including Sweden, all of the former Soviet Union, Australia, China, India, all of the Islamic world, African countries south of the Sahara, Japan, Australia, and almost all the countries in Latin America. Many drug policy specialists recommend legalizing drugs.
Advances in technology help drug suppliers, trade,and financers, as well as law enforcement. Tranporting illicit can be tracked via satellite from the point of origin to the destination. The Internet has become an open marketplace for the sale of illicit drugs.
Online and mobile payment systems help drug traffickers launder their funds. Some customers use mobile payments, which are approximated to reach $55 billion in the U.S. in 2008. Online payments allow nameless of both sides. Some traffickers even support their drug income through online.
Karen P. Tandy, Administrator, Drug Enforcement Administration, direct the issue of Narco-terrorism in Afghanistan in a 2004.He says that there is a strong connection between terrorism and drug trafficking. Unsuccessfuly, as noted by Luis Astorga, sociologist and researcher at the Institute of Social Research of the National Autonomous University of Mexico, (IIS-UNAM), many of these trafficking networks exist only because of Western demand for the drugs.
Environmental and Health Consequences of Drug Policy
There are numerous environmental and health consequences associated with crop abolished and other efforts to destroy the illicit drugs at their source. In Colombia, U.S. planes sprinkle glyphosate, a poison, over the coca fields, drying out and killing coca plants, but also affecting gastro-intestinal problems, fevers, headaches, nausea, colds and vomiting in people and similar problems in animals. Legal food plants also die and water sources become contaminated. Farmers cut down trees to create new spaces to grow the coca plants and use other harsh chemicals to grow the plants.
The matter of health also relates to the drug policies in Europe and Canada, who focus on effect of reduction. Europe and Canada have come to the end that these drugs are not going to disappear and instead of spending lots of money on arrests and imprisonment, they focus on educating about the effect of these drugs and decreasing their negative effects.
International Law and National Approaches
There is a strong body of international law, acclaimed by regional and national laws, which deals with all aspects of the trade in illicit drugs. The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime works on alternative development projects, reducing corruption, crop monitoring, HIV/AIDS prevention and care among injecting drug users, and other terrorism, trafficking, and crime-related issues.