Research Round 1: Early roots of the first peoples in the Philippines
Welcome to my first official research round for the year! Just as a quick refresher, this post will be looking further into answering my question, "How did the colonization and invasion of countless countries into the Philippines, effect it’s culture, beliefs and ideals as a nation?". To start things off, we will be looking into the first peoples to occupy the country. So, let’s begin!
To this day, no one can say for sure where the first people to occupy the Philippines came from and how they got there. However, there are still many popular theories that try to uncover their origins. The theories I will be covering over the next two research rounds will be H. Otley Beyer’s theory of Migration and F. Landa Jocano’s theory of Evolution.
As I stated earlier, I will explain each theory in a post of its own so that we can go into further detail. For this post, we will be looking at H. Otley Beyer’s theory of Migration.
Beyer called the first immigrants “Dawnmen” or “Cavemen” (because they lived in caves, creative no?). These peoples were said to resemble Asian home sapiens who existed about 250,000 years ago. They did not know about agriculture because of this, they survived by hunting or fishing. These dawnmen came to the Philippines through bridges of land that connected the Philippines to Indonesia. They came to the Philippines with the purpose of collecting food.
The second group were called the “Aetas” or “Negritoes”. They were dark skinned Pygmies (An ethnic group with an unusually short height average). They were skilled in hunting, fishing and gathering food. They used weapons such as spears and flint stone weapons. As a result of the land bridges disappearing due to ice thinning, they became the first permanent inhabitants of the Philippines.
The third wave consisted of Indonesians skilled in seafaring and got to the Philippines via boats. They had weapons made of stone and steel and could build studier housing. Not only that, they were also very skilled in farming and mining and out of the other migrants, they were the first to wear clothing and body ornaments.
The last migrants were believed to be Malays who were from Java, Sumatra, Borneo, and the Malay Peninsula. They came to the Philippines more than 2,000 years ago, travelling by boat. They were described as brown skinned, of medium height, straight black hair and flat noses. They were skilled in pottery, weaving, jewelry making, metal smelting. They were the ones to introduce the irrigation system for planting rice.
That concludes my first research round of this cycle, please tell me what you think!
See you later in my next post!! 😊