Gender inequality is a social and cultural phenomenon in which there is discrimination against people due to their gender. Essentially, this is between men and women. This phenomenon has huge effects. We can feel its impact in different areas: work, social life, family life, etc.For example, at the social level, women might appear to be subordinate to their husbands or fathers. Economically, women keep being paid lower wages than men in the same job positions (wage gap). When it comes to domestic chores and childcare, most people still consider these tasks to be more closely linked to women than to men. And the list goes on and on. These are all examples of gender inequality.When faced with such a list, feminism or gender perspectives allow you to see the world from another point of view. Nevertheless, changing your perspective can make you feel some discomfort or confusion. This is why the goal of this article is to clear your mind. Thus, you’ll be able to relate to and position yourself more equally in the world.I will concentrate much on education and workplaces.
GENDER INEQUALITY IN EDUCATION.
Girls are still more likely than boys to never set foot in a classroom, despite the tremendous progress made over the past 20 years. To help countries fulfill their promise to close the gender gap by 2030, the UIS disaggregates all indicators by sex to the extent possible, produces parity indices and develops new indicators to better reflect the equity and inclusion of girls and boys. For example, the UIS regularly collects data on the percentage of schools in sub-Saharan Africa with single-sex toilets or the presence of female teachers in primary and secondary schools around the world.UIS data are like a map, showing the educational pathways of girls and boys from primary to tertiary education. We can clearly see and compare the extent to which girls start primary school, for example, repeat grades, drop out or make the transition to secondary education.
GENDER INEQUALITY IN WORKPLACES.
Some common inequalities that take place in the workplace are the gender-based imbalances of individuals in power and command over the management of the organisation. Women are not able to move up into higher paid positions as quickly as men.Women have experienced a historic situation of inequality in the social as well as professional aspects. Women were normally the ones that would take care of children, do the chores in the house, and in rural areas; they would work in the field with the rest of the family. However, today’s women have become more self-sufficient and independent from the predominant male figure within every historical family. Gender inequality in the workplace is becoming less common; yet, gender is a factor that affects men and women. Especially women have been subjected to a historical discrimination that has influenced society to decide which job is more suitable for women than men.
GENDER INEQUALITY IN RELATIONSHIPS.
Gender equality in relationships has been growing over the years but for the majority of relationships, the power lies with the male. A study done by Szymanowicz and Furnham, looked at the cultural stereotypes of intelligence in men and women, showing the gender inequality in self-presentation.This study showed that females thought if they revealed their intelligence to a potential partner, then it would diminish their chance with him. Men however would much more readily discuss their own intelligence with a potential partner. Married men with families on average earn more money, live longer and happier, and progress faster in their careers, while for a working woman, a family is a liability, extra baggage threatening to drag down her career.
On my next research I will be focusing on the causes and effects of gender inequality.